The Impact of Training Methods on the Development of Pre-trained Language Models

Diego Uribe, Enrique Cuan, Elisa Urquizo


The focus of this work is to analyze the implications of pre-training tasks in the development of language models for learning linguistic representations. In particular, we study three pre-trained BERT models and their corresponding unsupervised training tasks (e.g. MLM, Distillation, etc.). To consider similarities and differences, we fine-tune these language representation models on the classification task of four different categories of short answer responses. This fine-tuning process is implemented with two different neural architectures: with just one additional output layer and with a multilayer perceptron. In this way, we enrich the comparison of the pre-trained BERT models from three perspectives: the pre-training tasks in the development of language models, the fine-tuning process with different neural architectures, and the computational cost demanded on the classification of short answer responses.


language models, pre-training tasks, BERT, fine-tuning

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